বৃহষ্পতিবার, ৪ আগস্ট, ২০১১






Geography

Noakhali District located in Chittagong Division, Bangladesh. It has a land area of 3600.99 km2, and is bounded by the Comilla district in the north, the Meghna estuary and the Bay of Bengal in the south, Feni and Chittagong districts in the east, Lakshmipur and the Bhola districts in the west. The district's annual average temperature ranges from a maximum of 34.3 °C to a minimum of 14.4 °C; its annual rainfall is 3302 mm. Its main rivers are the Bamni and Meghna.[2]

History

The ancient name of Noakhali is Bhulua. In the 1660s, the agricultural activities of the north-eastern region of Bhulua were seriously affected by floodwater of the Dakatia River flowing from the Tripura hills. To salvage the situation, a canal was dug in 1660 that ran from the Dakatia through Ramganj, Sonaimuri and Chaumuhani to divert water flow to the junction of the rivers Meghna and Feni. After excavating this long canal, Bhulua was renamed "Noakhali" after "Noa" (new) and "khal" (canal) in 1668. The Noakhali district was created in 1821.[3]
Since 1790, Noakhali district was seriously affected many times by natural disasters including high tidal bores, tornadoes, flooding, and cyclones. In 1970, a devastating tornado and tidal bore took the lives of about 3 lakh people of the district. During the War of Liberation many direct and guerilla encounters took place between the Pakistani Armed Forces and the independence fighters. About 70 independence fighters were killed in a direct encounter with the Pakistan army on 15 June 1971, in front of the Sonapur Ahmadia School. Noakhali was liberated on 7 December 1971.
The swift currents that course down from the Himalayas, does not only bring river erosion but also opportunity: a rich bath of fertile silt that, when it reaches the Bay of Bengal, settles along the coast, gradually forming new land called "chars." The district of Noakhali has actually gained more than 28 square miles (73 km2) of land in the past 50 years.
The Bangladeshi government is finishing up the largest phase of a decades-long effort to develop nearby chars as well as building a new dam to speed up the process of creating new land for settlers.[4]

Language

The people of Noakhali speak an informal Bengali dialect with its own distinctive accent.[citation needed]

Notable People

  • Abdul Malek Ukil Former home Minister, Speaker of parliament and President of Bangladesh Awami League.
  • Barrister Moudud Ahmed Ex Vice President, Prime Minister,Minister and a leader of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).
  • Mr. Jainal Abedin Faruk. Chief whip of agt. party of Parlament. and senior leader of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).
  • Abdur Rashid, only Bengali Muslim member of Indian Civil Service pre-1947, Government Secretary (Pakistan).
  • Raja Laksmanmanikya King of the kingdom of Bhulua
  • Major General Abul Manzur, freedom fighter (Bir Uttom)
  • Barrister Abul Mansur, successful corporate lawyer
  • Lt. Colonel Mahbubur Rahman (Bir Uttom)
  • Abdul Hakim 17th century poet
  • Muzaffar Ahmed Founder Member of All India Communist Party Later Secretary General of All India Communist Party.
  • Sergeant Zohurul Haque was accused in the Agartala Conspiracy Case
  • Nurul Islam Ex. President of Bangladesh Ganatontri party.
  • Munir Chowdhury Playwright
  • Rosy Samad Dollywood Actor
  • Prafulla Chandra Majumdar (Freedom Fighter)
  • Retired General Moeen U Ahmed(Former Army Chief)
  • Azim - Film Actor
  • Fakrul Islam - MSc, MBA - Social Worker
  • Tarubala Pal - Singer, Social Worker(Noakhali, Assodia)
  • Kazi Shafiq Ullah (Kabi Safi)
  • Dr Zaker Ullah - British TV presenter and Doctor
  • Qazi Abdul Lateef

Liberation War in Noakhali

Freedom Fighters

  • Mohammad Ruhul Amin Bir Shreshtho
  • Abdul Malek Ukil (Former Speaker) Razapur, Bander Hat, Sudharum, Noakhali.
  • Serajul Alam Khan
  • Fazlul Haque Badal (BLF)
  • Fazle Elahi (BLF)
  • Mustafizur Rahman (BLF)
  • Robiul Hossain Kochi (BLF), Ex-Chairman, Noakhali Municipalty
  • Shahiduddin Iskandar Kochi, Ex-Chairman, Noakhali Municipalty
  • Mahmumudur Rahman Belayet (BLF)
  • Mostafizur Rahman(Lutu) Deputy Commender and Goanda Prodhan(BLF)
  • Gazi Masihur Rahman
  • Khaled Mohammed Ali (BLF)
  • Mumin Ullah BSc(BLF)
  • Shahid Shah Alam (Beer Uttam)
  • A S M Abdur Rob (BLF)
  • Mohammad Tabarak Hossain (FF)
  • Mir Mofijur Rahman (FF)
  • Harunur Rsahid (FF)
  • Kamrul Ahasan (FF)
  • Sikandar Hossain (FF)
  • Mohammad Sultan Ahammad (FF)
  • Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil (BLF)
  • Khijir Hayat
  • Shahid Sirazul Islam
  • mizanur Rahman
  • Ali Ahmed Patwary (Commander, Sector # C), Bander Hat, Sudharum, Noakhali.
  • Sofi Dewan, Noannai, Bander Hat, Sudharum, Noakhali.
  • Major General Abul Manzur, freedom fighter (Beer Uttom)
  • Tarubala Pal, Singer, Assodia, Noakhali
  • Barrister Abul Mansur
  • Lt. Colonel Mahbubur Rahman (Bir Uttom)
  • Md. Nurul Huq, Training Commander, Freedom Fighter.
  • Shahid Sirazul Islam
  • Golam Sarwar Unit commander of mukti bahini (FF)
  • Delwar Hossain Sopon

[ Religion

Religion in Noakhali District
Religion

Percent
Islam
  
96.84%
Hinduism
  
2.16%
Christianity
  
0.77%
Buddhism
  
0.23%
The district of Noakhali consists 3741 mosques, 528 temples, 63 churches and five Buddhist temples.

Places of interest

Bosor HAT

Prominent educational institutions

See Educational Institutions in Noakhali

University

Institutions

  • (Soft IT) Institute "Software Information Technology Ltd." (Monwara Plaza 2nd Floor) maijdee, Noakhali http://www.softit.webs.com

Textile Engineering College

College and Institutes

High school

Medical College

  • Noakhali Medical College
(Temporary Address: Noakhali General Hospital,Maijdee, Noakhali) It is a government medical college in noakhali district. It is a new medical college established in 2008. It is temporaryly running in noakhali general hospital. It admits 50 students per year and provide MBBS degree.

Development Organization